This is a surgical sub-specialty urology and gynaecology. It is the branch of women’s health medicine that concerns problems with bladder function as well as pelvic organ prolapse (when the organs around and above the vagina lose their support and consequently bulging downwards into the vagina).
Bladder problems can include:
- Increasing frequency or urgency of toileting
- Leaking or loss of control
- Difficulty emptying the bladder
Women who suffer from pelvic floor dysfunction can experience bladder problems, faecal and urinary inconsistence and genital prolapse. When medical treatment is not effective in curing pelvic floor dysfunction, surgery may be an option.
Symptoms of PFD may be more subtle including:
- A dragging feeling in the lower back or vagina
- Feeling or seeing a lump within the vagina
- Problems with passing a bowel movement, emptying the bladder or problems with intercourse